Date of Birth: 15 February 1564.
Date of Death: 8 January 1642
Occupation: Italian polymath, scientist, astronomer.
Italian Scientist Galileo Biography
Galileo was an accomplished lutenist. His father Vincenzo Galilei, was a famous lutenist, composer, and music theorist. (A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body. A person who plays the lute is known as a lutenist).
He studied speed and velocity, gravity and free fall, the principle of relativity, inertia, projectile motion and worked in applied science and technology. He enrolled at the University of Pisa for a medical degree.
Galileo Scientific Inventions and Achievements
- Galileo created a thermoscope, a forerunner of the thermometer.
- In 1586, he published a small book on the design of a hydrostatic balance.
- Galileo made significant discoveries in both pure fundamental science (for example, kinematics of motion and astronomy) as well as practical applied science.
- His multiple interests included the study of astrology, which at the time was a discipline tied to the studies of mathematics and astronomy.
In 1588, he obtained the position of instructor in the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno in Florence, teaching perspective and chiaroscuro.
Galileo Scientific Researces
3) Telescopic Observational Astronomy.
5) Discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter.
6) The observation of Saturn’s rings.
7) The analysis of sunspots.
Galileo’s his Controversies on Scientific Theory:
- Galileo involved in many controversies with the church regarding his scientific experiments.
- The most famous one being the discovery of the fact that the Earth is not flat and that the sun does not revolve around the Earth.
- Galileo wrote and published a total 14 books, which contained his experiments, discoveries and assumptions.
- ‘Discourse on the Comets’ and ‘The Assayer’ invited many controversies with the church and other astronomers.
Galileo created a thermoscope, a forerunner of the thermometer.