Date of Birth: February 20, 1748.
Date of Death: July 8, 1826 New York.
Occupation: Politician, Advocate.
Martin Luther’s Biography:
Martin Luther was an early advocate of American independence from Great Britain. He served on the county’s patriot committee in the fall of 1774. Later that year he attended a convention of the Province of Maryland in Annapolis. The convention had been called to consider the recommendations of the American Congress.
Martin Luther’s Achievements:
- His post war law practice grew to become one of the largest and most successful in the country.
- The beginning of the 1800s saw Martin as defence counsel in two controversial national cases. In the first case, he won an acquittal for his close friend Samuel Chase in his impeachment trial in 1805. Two years later, Martin was one of Aaron Burr’s defence lawyers when Burr stood trial for treason in 1807.
- Martin Luther resigned in December 1805 after a record 28 consecutive years as state attorney general.
- In 1813, Martin became the chief judge of the court of oyer and terminer for the City and County of Baltimore.
- He was reappointed attorney general of Maryland in 1818, and, in 1819.
Martin Luther’s Political Career:
- In 1785, he was elected to the Confederation Congress by the Maryland General Assembly. However, his numerous public and private duties prevented him from travelling to Philadelphia.
- Martin was elected as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia.
- He was a leading Anti-Federalist, along with Patrick Henry and George Mason, whose actions helped in the passage of the Bill of Rights.
Martin Luther’s Death Reason:
- Alcoholism, illness, and poverty weighted heavily on Martin, taking their toll as he aged.
- By the mid-1820s, he was subsisting on a special tax imposed on Maryland lawyers solely for his personal support.
- At the age of 78, he died in Aaron Burr’s home in New York City.
Martin was elected as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia.