Date of Birth: 30 January 1890.
Date of Death: 15 November 1937
Occupation: Novelist, playwright, poet.
Great Hindi Literature Jaishankar Prasad:
- Jaishankar Prasad was one of the four pillars of the ‘Chhayavaad’ era of Hindi poetry.
- ‘Chhayavaad’ refers to the era of Neo-romanticism in Hindi literature, particularly Hindi poetry in the years 1922-1938.
- It marked an upsurge of romantic and humanist content. Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’, Sumitra Nandan Pant and Mahadevi Varma were the other three pillars of the Chhayavaadi school of Hindi literature.
Jayshankar Prasad’s Novels and Drama:
- Prasad’s vocabulary avoids the Persian element of Hindi and mainly consists of Sanskrit (Tatsama) words and words derived from Sanskrit (Tadbhava words).
- The subject of his poetry spanned the entire horizon of subjects of his era, from romantic to nationalistic.
- He started writing poetry with the pen name of ‘Kaladhar.’ The first collection of poems, which he penned, was written in Braj dialect of Hindi.
- His later works are in the Khadi dialect or Sanskritized Hindi.
- Majority of Prasad’s dramas revolve around historical stories of Ancient India.
- Some of them were also based on mythological plots.
- His dramas are considered the most pioneering ones in Hindi.
Jayshankar Prasad’s Contribution to Hindi Literature:
- Kānan Kusum (The Forest Flower).
- Jharnā (The Waterfall)
- Prem Pathik (The Love Wanderer).
- Kankāl (The Skeleton).
- Titlī (The Butterfly).
- Ek ghunt (A sip).
- Chandragupta (On Emperor Chandragupta Maurya I).
- Rajyashrī (Royal Bliss).