Birthday Anniversary of Raja Ram Mohan Roy on 22nd May
Born : 22 May, 1772
Known as : Social Reformer, Founder of Brahmo Samaj
Death : 26 September, 1833
Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the founder of Brahmo Samaj. He was an influential social reformer. He is best known for his efforts to abolish sati.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Biography
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born in Radhanagar in Bengal.
- He is known as the founder of Bengal Renaissance, reviving the philosophy of the Upanishads.
- He preached the unity of God, founding the Brahma Samaj to further this aim. The Brahma Samaj campaigned for the reformation of many practices in the Indian and Hindu society.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the founder of Brahmo Samaj.
- Roy was employed by the East India Company for a long period of time. During this employment, Roy created Maha Nirvana Tantra which was a text calling for a reformed religion.
- Later in his life, Roy campaigned for the abolition of sati, and practices such as polygamy and child marriage.
- Roy died in Bristol, England of meningitis.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Career and Achievements
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy established the Brahmo Samaj.
- The Brahmo Samaj based its fundamental belief in one God.
The Brahmo Samaj was aimed at Bengali Brahmins to gear them up to fight against social evils.
- With David Hare, he established the Hindu College in Calcutta in 1817.
- He also founded the Vedanta College in 1826 which combined the monotheistic teachings of the Brahmo Samaj with western education.
- He travelled to England to ensure that the Lord William Bentinck’s Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829 would be passed. The law banned the practice of sati throughout India.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Awards and Recognition
- In 1983, Bristol held a big exhibition on the life of Raja Ram Mohan Roy at the Bristol Museum of Art and Gallery.
- The Kolkatan modern art sculptor Niranjan Pradhan has built a full size sculpture of the social reformer.
- It was installed at the Bristol Centre, on the College Green.
- The Bristol City Hall houses yet another smaller bust of Roy, gifted by the West Bengal politician Jyoti Basu.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s tomb at Arnos Vale in Bristol is graded Grade II* in English Heritage.
- The title of Raja was bestowed upon him by the Mughal emperor Akbar II.
- He travelled to England on behalf of the Emperor.