Date of Birth: 13th February 1879.
Date of Death: 2nd March 1949
Occupation: Political activist, feminist, poet-writer
Title(s): Nightingale of India.
Sarojini Naidu Biography
Sarojini Naidu was born in a Bengali family in Hyderabad. She passed her matriculation exam from the University of Madras. She was the eldest of the eight siblings. Her brother Virendra Nath Chattopadhyay was a revolutionary. And, her other brother, Harindra Nath was a poet, a dramatist, and an actor.
Sarojini Naidu Involvement in Indian National Movement
Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905. She worked with the Indian National Congress. Meanwhile, She came in contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Sarojini Naidu’s Achievement in Indian Independence:
- During 1915-18, Sarojini Naidu traveled to different regions in India. She delivered lectures on social welfare, women’s empowerment, and nationalism while travelling to India.
- She also helped to establish the Women’s Indian Association (WIA) in 1917.
- She traveled to London with Annie Besant to present the case for the women’s vote to the Joint Select Committee.
- Also, Sarojini Naidu became the President of Indian National Congress.
- In 1925, she presided over the annual session of Indian National Congress at Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
- In 1931, she participated in the round-table conference with Mahatma Gandhi and Madan Mohan Malaviya.
- Sarojini Naidu played a leading role in the Civil Disobedience Movement. She went jail along with Gandhi and other leaders.
- In 1942, she arrested during the period of the “Quit India.“
- Hence, Sarojini Naidu was appointed the Governor of the state of West Bengal soon after Indian independence.
Sarojini Naidu’s Literary Work, Awards, and Achievements
- Sarojini Naidu received the Kaiser-i-Hind Medal by the British government. Hence this award was for her work during the plague epidemic in India.
- She began writing at the age of only twelve years old. In 1905, her first collection of poems, named The Golden Threshold was published.
- since 1905, her six collections of her poems published.
Sarojini Naidu was awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind Medal by the British government.