Date of Birth: 18 February 1836.
Date of Death: 16 August 1886.
Original Name: Gadadhar Chattopadhyay.
Ramkrishna Paramahamsa’s Biography:
Ramkrishna Paramahamsa was born in the village of Kamarpukur, in the Hooghly district of West Bengal. He belonged to a pious and orthodox Brahmin family. Ramakrishna attended a village school with some regularity for 12 years. However, he later rejected the traditional schooling saying that he was not interested in a “bread-winning education”.
Several religious traditions, including devotion toward the goddess Kali, Tantra, Vaishnava bhakti, and Advaita Vedanta influenced him. The name Ramakrishna was given by Mathura Biswas— the chief patron at Dakshineswar Kali Temple.
Ramkrishna Paramahamsa’s Early Life:
- In 1855 Ramkumar, Ramkrishna’s elder brother was appointed as the priest of Dakshineswar Kali Temple. Then Ramakrishna became an assistant to Ramkumar, and was given the task of decorating the deity.
- When Ramkumar died in 1856, Ramakrishna took his place as the priest of the Kali temple.
- In 1864, Ramakrishna practised vātsalya bhāva under a Vaishnava guru Jatadhari. During this period, he worshipped a metal image of Ramlālā (Rama as a child) in the attitude of a mother.
- An year later, he was initiated into sannyasa by Totapuri, an itinerant monk who trained Ramakrishna in Advaita Vedanta.
Ramkrishna Paramahamsa’s Spiritual Achievements:
- Ramkrishna Paramhamsa popularized a modern interpretation of Indian traditions, which harmonised Tantra, Yoga and Advaita Vedanta.
- Despite initial reservations, Vivekananda became Ramakrishna’s most influential follower.
- Ultimately, Vivekananda established the Ramakrishna order, which eventually spread its mission posts throughout the world.
- At the end of 1873, he started the practice of Christianity, when his devotee Shambu Charan Mallik read the Bible to him.
- Ramkrishna never discriminated between caste, creed and religion. In preparation for monastic life, Ramakrishna ordered his monastic disciples to beg their food from door to door without distinction of caste.
Ramakrishna Paramhamsa Death Reason:
- In the beginning of 1885, Ramakrishna suffered from clergyman’s throat, which gradually developed into throat cancer.
- Ramakrishna was advised by the doctors to keep the strictest silence, but ignoring their advice, he incessantly conversed with visitors.
- It is said, that before his death, Ramakrishna transferred his spiritual powers to Vivekananda.
- He died in the early morning hours of 16 August 1886 at his Cossipore garden house.
Ramakrishna started the practice of Christianity, when his devotee Shambu Charan Mallik read the Bible to him.
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Quotes and Teachings:
- Ramakrishna’s teachings were imparted in rustic Bengali, using stories and parables.
- These teachings made a powerful impact on Calcutta’s intellectuals, despite the fact that his preaching’s were far removed from issues of modernism or national independence.
The name Ramakrishna was given by Mathura Biswas— the chief patron at Dakshineswar Kali Temple.