Birthday Anniversary of Social Activist Anna Hazare
Born: 15 June 1937
Known for: Social activism
Biography of Anna Hazare
His actual name is Kisan Baburao Hazare. But he is popularly known by Anna Hazare. Anna Hazare was born Kisan Baburao Hazare in Bhingar near Ahmednagar. He was a laborer at the Ayurveda Ashram Pharmacy and later sold flowers in Mumbai. He was drafted in the Indian Army in 1960. Initially, he worked as a truck driver and later trained as a soldier.
During the Pakistan war of 1965, Anna Hazare was posted at the front near Khem Karan. He was discharged in 1975, completing 12 years of service. He then returned to his ancestral village of Ralegan Siddhi, where many had come to depend on illegal liquor for money. He led a campaign to close down these breweries.
In 1991, Anna Hazare started an Anti-Corruption Movement that went on to campaign against corruption in Maharashtra for the next decade. In the 2000s, Hazare focussed on a robust Right to Information Act for the state of Maharashtra. He also campaigned for fixed terms for officers, as it was common for honest officers to be transferred frequently.
In 2011, he initiated the Lokpal movement putting national attention on him along with India Against Corruption(IAC) organization. Anna Hazare started a hunger strike on 5th April 2011. The protest culminated in Hazare’s fast unto death on the Ramlila grounds. The Lokpal and Lokayukta Bill were eventually passed in December 2011.
In 1991, Anna Hazare started an Anti-Corruption Movement that went on to campaign against corruption in Maharashtra for the next decade.
Anna Hazare’s Career and Achievements
- Over the course of the decade, he helped turn it into a model village. A grain bank and a high school were established, and a watershed embankment helped bring water back for irrigation.
- Bhrashtachar Virodhi Jan Andolan was founded by Hazare in 1991. In 2003, he fasted unto death after raising corruption charges against four state ministers. Three of them were indicted by a judicial commission and resigned.
- The Maharashtra RTI Act came into existence being after Anna Hazare’s movement. The Act itself was a template for the one enacted by the Central government in 2005.
Awards and Recognition of Anna Hazare
- Anna Hazare was awarded the Padma Shri in 1990 and the Padma Bhushan in 1992 by the Government of India.
- He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Gandhigram Rural University in 2005.
- In 2013, the University of British Columbia Faculty of Law awarded him the
Allard prize for international integrity. The Allard prize is one of the most prestigious awards for anti-corruption crusaders.
Anna Hazare was awarded the Padma Shri in 1990 and the Padma Bhushan in 1992 by the Government of India.