Brief History and Facts of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
Brief History and Facts of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan was born on 5 January 1592 in Lahore. The father of Shah Jahan was Jahangir, the fourth emperor of Mughal Dynasty. And the mother of Shah Jahan was Jagat Gosai, daughter of Mota King Uday Singh, ruler of Jodhpur. The real name of Shah Jahan was Khurram which was given by his grandfather Akbar. Shah Jahan was very close to and favourite of Akbar. Jahangir gave him the title of Shah Jahan. The word Shah Jahan means “King of World” in Persian.
On February 24, 1628, Shahjahan sat on Agra’s throne with the title of Abul Muzaffar Shahabuddin Muhammad Sahib, Kiran-e-Saani. Shah was the fifth emperor of Mughal Dynasty.
Personal Life and Legacy of Shah Jahan
- Shah Jahan was married to Arjumand Bano Begum in He gave the title of Mumtaz Mahal and Mallika-e-Jamani, to Arjumand Bano Begum.
- Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631 AD due to labor pains.
Shahjahan constructed the Taj Mahal on her tomb in memory of Mumtaz Mahal.
- It constituted a regional administrative unit called Chakala.
Shah Jahan’s Reign
- The time of Shah Jahan is called the golden age of medieval history with the view of architectural art.
- Shahjahan constructed the Taj Mahal, the Jama Masjid of Delhi, the Moti Masjid of Agra Fort, the Red Fort of Delhi and Divan-e-Aam and Diwan-e-Khas, Shalimar Gardens, Wazir Khan Mosque built in it.
The world famous Kohinoor diamond was cast in Takht Tauz of Shah Jahan.
- There was a clash of Shahjahan with the sixth Guru Hargobind Singh of Sikhs.
- Aurangzeb imprisoned Shah Jahan at Agra Fort on 8 June 1658 AD, where on 31 January 1666 AD Shahjahan died.
- Shah Jahan was buried in the Taj Mahal next to Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb.