In 1921 AD, the excavation of Indus Civilization was made by Mr. Dayaram Sahni. It is also called the Harappan civilization. It’s a bronze medieval civilization. Indus civilization is India’s first urban civilization. There were six major cities of Indus Civilization – Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, Lothal, Kalibanga, Banawali and Chanhudo. The main feature of this civilization was its well-planned city planning system.
The Important points related to Indus Valley Civilization:
- Mohenjo-Daro’s meaning in Sindhi is “Tomb of the dead.”
- The historian Marshall described the large bathroom as a wonderful construction of the then world.
- Mohenjodaro is also called Sindh’s oasis or Ganges of Sindh. Mohanjodaro got A bronze statue of the dancer, and the head of the priest received from Mohanjodaro in the excavation.
- Mohenjodaro had a bathroom aligned with hot water which was not available in any other civilization of that era. The mono used in the Harappan civilization was 4: 2: 1.
- Harappan civilization is recognized by most of the pink pottery. Chanhudo was an industrial center with a factory to make a bead.
- Agni Kund was available in Lothal and Kalibanga. Seven fire Vedikas have been found from Kalibanga.
- Mohan Jodaro is also called the garden of Sindh (Sindh ka Bagh).
- The script of Indus Civilization was pictorial. This writing system is called boustrophedon Lipi. Evidence of Horse bones has been received from Surkotada.
- People were unfamiliar with iron metal.
- RH-37 is the name of a grave located in the south-west of Harappa.
- H Cemetery is the name of the cemetery located in the fort of Harappa.
- One of the most prevalent animals in Indus period was a Single Bull that’s called Unicorn.
- There is no any evidence of temple found in this period.
- After independence, the highest places of Indus civilization have been found in Gujarat. Dhaulivara is the largest sacrament spot in India.
- After independence, the first place was excavated in Ropar of Punjab.