Mahajanapadas and their capital in Ancient History

Mahajanapadas and their capital in Ancient History:-

Buddhist literature “Anguttar Nikay” contains sixteen Mahajanapadas. India in 6th Century B.C. consisted 16 kingdoms of monarchical forms of government. Some of the kingdoms had republic government which is an important feature of ancient Indian history. In the republics, an elected King was the head of government. There was a ‘council’ to support it. The Licchavis Kingdom had a republic government.

 

16 Mahajanapadas, their capital and its present name are as below

 

Sr. No.

Mahajanapadas

Capital

Present Name

1

Magadha

Rajagriha Patna, Gaya

2

Anga Champa Bhagalpur, Munger

3

Vajji Mithila / Videh / Vaishali

Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga

4

Kasi Varanasi Varanasi

5

Kosala Shravasti / Ayodhya Faizabad

6

Panchala Ahichchhatra / Kampili Badayun, Bareilly, Farrukhabad

7

Malla Kushawati

8

Chedi Sakitamati Deoria

9

Surasena Mathura Mathura

10

Kambhoja Hataka

11

Avanti Ujjain, Mahishmati

Malwa

12

Kuru Indraprastha

Delhi, Maratha, Haryana

13

Matsya Biratnagar Jaipur

14

Vatsa Kaushambi Allahabad

15

Asmaka Grooming

The only district of south India

16

Gandhara Takshshila

Rawalpindi and Peshawar

 

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