Maker of Modern India – Lord Dalhousie | Doctrine of Lapse
Lord Dalhousie [1848 to 1856 AD] followed Doctrine of Lapse in his reign, according to which childless kings were banned from adopting child practice. According to the lapsed principle, the first state merged was Satara.
The British conquered the second Anglo-Sikh war [1848 – 1849 AD] and Punjab was merged with the English state.
Second Anglo-Burmese War
The British conquered the Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852 AD). Lower Burma (Pegu) was merged in the English state.
In 1856, Lord Dalhousie accused misrule in Awadh and merged it in the British State.
Reforms of Lord Dalhousie
- Lord Dalhousie formed the Gurkha Regiment.
- Dalhousie is considered to be the father of railway in India.
- He started the first train started between Mumbai and Thane on 16 April 1853 AD.
- During Dalhousie, the first telegram service began between Calcutta and Agra in 1853 AD.
Lord Dalhousie formed the Gurkha Regiment.
- In 1854 AD, Lord Dalhousie enacted the Woods Dispatch, according to which in 1857 a university was established in all three presidencies.
- For the first time, a stamp was issued during Dalhousie time.
- In 1855 AD, Dalhousie had given legal status to widowed marriage by making a law.
Dalhousie is considered to be the father of railway in India.
- The competition for the first time for the Civil Services of India started in Dalhousie time.
- Dalhousie made Shimla the summer capital of British India.
Best GK Website for Competitive Exams